Programs and Research

The Consortium on Negotiation and Conflict Resolution programs and research advance best practices in conflict management and resolution, providing resources for researchers and practitioners in the field.

Research Group on Cooperation, Collaboration and Competition

The C3 Group is an informal interdisciplinary gathering of GSU faculty with a common interest in improving our understanding of human behavior in the areas of cooperation, collaboration, and competition.  Affiliated faculty share works-in-progress, compare disciplinary perspectives, and explore scholarly collaborations.

The Restorative Justice Program

CNCR became involved in studying restorative justice as it relates to conflict management and resolution in 2008 when we partnered on a Bureau of Justice Affairs, U.S. Department of Justice grant with the School of Social Work at Georgia State University. The product of the grant was the first comprehensive repository for resources related to restorative justice in the Southeastern United States. As the Restorative Justice Clearinghouse took shape, CNCR decided to expand the project to examine restorative justice legislation across the U.S. and create an online database for researchers and practitioners alike.

US Restorative Justice Legislation

The CNCR has developed two resources related to restorative justice legislation – the US Restorative Justice Legislation Database and the Proposed Restorative Justice Legislation Database.

The Restorative Justice Legislation Database contains information on legislation, regulations, and court rules that references restorative justice practices from across the United States.  While we’ve done our best to be comprehensive, there are almost certainly items we’ve missed.  If you happen to notice something, please let us know!

Here is what you will find when you explore this resource:

  • The state name, citation reference, link to full text of the statute, and brief description of the restorative justice content for each statute;
  • The status of the legislation if that status has changed since the legislation was adopted;
  • Content in areas including circles, community conferences, family group decision making, restorative justice, and victim-offender processes;
  • A range of references from comprehensive descriptions for the implementation of restorative justice programs and tools to a single reference buried in a list of options.

The Restorative Justice Legislation Database is offered as a downloadable excel file (current-rj-legislation).

The Proposed Restorative Justice Legislation Database contains identifying information, a brief description, and status of proposed restorative justice legislation during the 2015 legislative session.  Color coding indicates proposed legislation that passed during the session (green), legislation that failed (red), and legislation that mentions restorative justice but does not represent new activity in the RJ arena (gray).  Users will find the dates of the legislative session for each state represented, any special sessions or deadlines, and whether legislation can carry over to the 2018 session.

The Proposed Restorative Justice Legislation Database is offered as a downloadable excel file (2017-rj-legislative-updates).

We hope you will find these databases useful.  We’d value any feedback you have to offer.  Please email comments/ideas to


CRiSP — Conflict Resolution in Schools Program

The consortium’s Conflict Resolution in Schools Program (CRiSP) examines the institutionalization of conflict resolution education in K-12 schools. CRiSP was initiated in 1998 as a service-learning pilot engaging university students to teach conflict resolution to students in the Atlanta Public Schools. The pilot was completed in 2001, and CRiSP moved to its current research phase that focuses primarily on the state of law and policy – both state and federal – and how it affects the institutionalization of conflict resolution education in K-12 schools.  The CRiSP database provides a state-by-state summary of legislation on conflict resolution education and related issues, such as bullying. The database is available upon request.


Conflict Management in Higher Education Program

Consistent with the mission of the CNCR is studying the institutionalization of conflict management in the University System of Georgia. The Board of Regents’ Initiative and Policy Direction on Conflict Resolution, enacted in 1995, required each of the then 34 institutions within the system to design and implement a conflict management program to meet their individual needs.

In collaboration with the chancellor’s office, the consortium

  • provides technical expertise and training support for the initiative;
  • administers the System-wide Mediation Program; and
  • conducts periodic evaluation on the development and implementation of conflict management.


Environmental Dispute Resolution

Since its founding, the consortium has promoted the study of complex, multiparty, public policy disputes, particularly those involving the natural environment. CNCR members have participated in many environmental dispute resolution processes as facilitators and mediators. Co-founder and Executive Committee member Michael Elliott, PhD, evaluates the effectiveness of processes and institutions used in the resolution of such disputes.

CNCR consulted for the Permanent Court of Arbitration in The Hague on institutionalizing innovative and collaborative processes for the resolution of international environmental and natural resource disputes.


Research Initiatives

The CNCR has initiated and supported research across a broad range of topics in conflict resolution.

Our primary research mission is to understand the institutionalization of conflict handling mechanisms. “Institutionalization” refers to “the extent to which there are well-known, regularized, readily available mechanisms, techniques, or procedures for dealing with a problem.” (Miller & Sarat, 1980-81).

In addition to the Conflict Resolution in Higher Education, CRiSP, and Environmental Dispute Resolution programs, the CNCR has initiated and currently sustains a number of on-going research projects:

In 2003, CNCR received a "knowledge-gaps" grant from the Hewlett Foundation to study the relationship of behavior biology to conflict resolution. A number of papers have resulted from this project as well as a book in the works.
In 1989, the CNCR launched the Lexicon Project to:

  • monitor the development of language in the emerging field of conflict resolution;
  • increase knowledge and awareness of the wide range of conflict resolution terms and their meanings, nationally and internationally;
  • improve dialogue and understanding between professionals and theorists in conflict resolution; and
  • promote uniformity and consistency of the professional language.

In September of 1999, the project's Dictionary of Conflict Resolution was published by Jossey-Bass. Orders can be made through Jossey-Bass or through or similar booksellers.

The Lexicon Project monitors the creation and evolution of conflict resolution language and solicits new terms, definitions and comments from interested individuals and organizations. Contribute by email to or by mail to The Lexicon Project c/o CNCR.

Since 1989, the consortium has monitored the evolving law and practice of alternative dispute resolution – or ADR – in Georgia. A legal treatise, "ADR Practice and Procedure in Georgia" (Thompson/West 4th ed. 2014), is updated annually. The Alternative Dispute Resolution in Georgia blog provides commentary and news reports on more recent developments. You can follow @Georgia_ADR on Twitter.
The consortium hosted a conference in 2000 on the evaluation of court-connected ADR (CCA) programs. CCA programs are the most visible pervasive attempts at institutionalization over the last two decades. CNCR maintains a collection of evaluation instruments and reports on CCA programs, maintains a database of current laws on CCA qualifications and ethics for neutrals, and continues to support additional research in this area.The consortium promotes the development of best practices, striving to transfer conflict handling strategies developed in one society into another. After hosting a conference on the topic in March 2001 (see conference papers published in 19:3 Conflict Resolution Quarterly, 2002), the CNCR continues to support inquiry in this area. Projects include a comparative study of court-connected mediation in various countries.

Consortium Research Fellows are highly-qualified researchers in the early stages of their professional careers.

Through seed grants and symposia, the consortium has initiated numerous conflict resolution theory-building projects, some of which are reflected in the CNCR Working Papers series.